大暑来临,这些“热”你都会说吗

大暑来临,这些“热”你都会说吗

“清风不肯来,烈日不肯暮”,今天进入大暑(Great heat)节气,一年里最热的时候来了~

大暑是24节气中的第12个,今年的大暑7月22日开始,到8月6日结束。大暑期间,中国大部分地区都将经历一年中最炎热的时节。

Great heat, the 12th solar term of the year, begins this year on July 22 and ends August 6. During Great Heat, most parts of China enter the hottest season of the year.

大暑期间的日照、高温及强降雨有利于农作物的生长。但是与小暑一样,洪水、干旱和台风等自然灾害也多有发生。此外,大暑时节也是观赏茉莉花和荷花盛开的好季节。

During Great Heat, the sunshine, high temperatures, and heavy rainfall are good for agricultural crops. But like Minor Heat, many natural calamities such as floods, droughts and typhoons also happen during Great Heat. The days around the “Great Heat” witness the blossom season of jasmines and lotuses.

马上学:高温是大暑的显著特征!除了hot,英文中可以用sweltering强调闷热、湿热,近义词blistering则强调酷热,太阳晒得人曝皮。Dog days指夏天最闷热的(sultry)“三伏天”,一般是在7月中下旬至8月上旬之间。也可说canicular days, 这里的canicular源于canicule (酷暑)。

大暑也是蟋蟀活跃的季节,每年的这个时候人们都喜欢斗蟋蟀。这个活动可以追溯到1000多年前的唐朝。

Great Heat is a season with the largest number of crickets that can be found in the fields along the countryside. Cricket fighting is a popular pastime for some people in China during this period. The custom dates back more than 1,000 years to the Tang Dynasty (AD 618-907).

俗话说“民以食为天”,大暑同样有吃的讲究。福建人在大暑有吃荔枝、羊肉的习俗,而台湾人则选择吃凤梨。

In Fujian province, people eat leechee and lamb to spend “Great Heat”. There is a saying in Taiwan which goes, "eating pineapples in Major Heat." During the period of Major Heat, pineapple tastes best.

当然,经历了立夏 (Summer begins)、小满 (Grain buds)、芒种 (Grain in ear)、夏至 (Summer solstice)、小暑( Slight heat)和大暑(Great heat)之后,下一个节气就是立秋( Autumn begins)了。

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