Nile river agreement 尼罗河协议

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Nile river agreement 尼罗河协议

Who does this water belong to?

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三个共享尼罗河的国家-埃及,埃塞俄比亚和苏丹,就如何分享尼罗河水资源初步达成一项协议。目前埃塞俄比亚正在建造一个新的水电站,希望以此缓解用水短缺的问题。以下是 Richard Hamilton 为 BBC 所做的报道。

This is a major breakthrough in a long running dispute between Cairo and Addis Ababa over the river and the dam. The crisis was at its worst in 2013 when Ethiopia began diverting the Blue Nile.

The president of Egypt at the time, Mohamed Morsi, threatened to defend each drop of Nile water with Egyptian blood. Addis Ababa has amended colonial-era agreements that gave Egypt and Sudan the biggest share of the river's water.

Egypt relies almost exclusively on the Nile for farming, industry and drinking water for its rapidly growing population. It also has the strongest historical affinity with the great river - it is often said "the Nile is Egypt and Egypt is the Nile."

Glossary 词汇表

breakthrough 突破

dispute 争议

crisis危机

diverting 改道,分流

threatened 威胁

amended修改

colonial-era殖民地时代

exclusively唯一的

rapidly 迅速的

affinity亲密关系,同源关系

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