2015考研英语(一)参考答案(完整版)

I cloze

1、What

2、Concluded

3、On

4、Compared

5、Samples

6、Insignificant

7、Know

8、Resemble

9、Also

10、Perhaps

11、To

12、Drive

13、Ratherthan

14、Benefits

15、Faster

16、understand

17、Contributory

18、Tendency

19、Ethnic

20、see

II Reading comprehension

Part A

21.D ended his reign in embarrassment.

22. C owing to the undoubted and respectable status

23. A the role of the nobility in modern democracy

24. B fails to change his lifestyle as advised.

25. D Carlos, a lesson for all Monarchies

26. C check suspect's phone contents without being authorized.

27.A disapproval

28.A getting into one's residence

29. C citizens' privacy is not effectively protected

30.B new technology requires reinterpretation of the constitution

31.B journals are strengthening their statistical checks

32.B marked

33. D set an example for other journals

34. C has room for further improvement

35.A science joins Push to screen statistics in papers

36. D the consequences of the current sorting mechanism

37. A more journalists may be found guilty of phone hacking

38. C was hardly convincing

39. B generally distorted values

40. D moral awareness matters in editing a newspaper

Part B

41.Cifyouareunfamiliar...

42.Eyoumakefurtherinferences...

43.D Rather ,we ascribe meanings to...

44.Bfactorssuchas...

45.Aarewestudyingthat ...

Part C

46)在多种强大的动机驱动下,这次运动在一片荒野上建起了一个国家,其本身塑造了一个未知大陆的性格和命运。

47)美国是两种主要力量的产物——即思想习俗、民族特色各异的欧洲移民和修改这些特征的新国家的影响的产物。

48)但由于美国特有的地理条件,不同民族的相互作用,以及维护原始老式方式的纯粹困难,新大陆引起了重大变化。

49)在15—16世纪北美探索的一百多年之后,运往该领土—即当今的美国—的第一船移民横渡了大西洋。

50)拥有丰富多样树种的原始森林是一个真正的宝库,它从缅因州一直延伸到乔治亚州。

III Writing

Part A

Dear club members,

As the next reading session is scheduled to be launched in two days, it’s a great honor for me to take the opportunity to present you a book worth reading—The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith.

Through reflection over economics at the beginning of Industrial Revolution, the writer has elaborated on the fundamental principles of capitalism at work with insightful conceptions and eloquent speeches. Besides, the book has stood the test of time by repeated quotations and critical reviews from following researchers, exerting profound influences on anyone engaged in the field of capitalist market.

I believe reading such a classical book from an authoritative writer will produce a life-enriching and thought-provoking effect for all club members.

Yours sincerely,

Li Ming

Part B

As is depicted above, a number of young people are having a gathering of friends, but instead of talking with each other, each of them is addicted to his or her mobile phone. The lower part of the picture, we can see some Chinese characters which read “the meeting in mobile-phone era”.

Undoubtedly, the author of the picture aims at reminding us of the double edge of the cell phone. It is well known that thanks to the development of human civilization, many formerly unimaginable things come into reality. A case in point is the mobile phones. We must admit that the smart phone indeed dramatically changes our life. However, if used improperly, the mobile phones also can bring unhealthy side-effects, and imperil face to face communication between people. It is not too much to say that being over-addicted to mobile phones will cost our health, wisdom, creativity, friendship and even our ability to live.

Weighing the pros and cons of both sides, perhaps the best policy is to regulate it in such a way as to maximize its advantages. At the same time, we must avoid its harmful part. Furthermore, young people should be advised that spending too much time in using smart phones is bad for them.

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